Earthquake: Cause and Effects

Earthquake: Cause and Effects
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An earthquake is a natural disaster that occurs when the Earth’s tectonic plates move suddenly, causing seismic waves that can shake the ground. These waves can cause damage to buildings, roads, and other structures, as well as create landslides, tsunamis, and other secondary effects.Earthquakes are caused by the movement of tectonic plates, which are large pieces of the Earth’s crust that float on the molten rock layer below. When these plates move past each other or collide, the energy built up in the crust is released in the form of seismic waves, which can be felt on the surface as an earthquake.The severity of an earthquake is measured using the Richter scale, which assigns a number to the earthquake based on the amount of energy released. The scale ranges from 1 to 10, with each whole number representing an earthquake that is 10 times stronger than the previous one. However, earthquakes with a magnitude of 7 or higher are considered major earthquakes and can cause significant damage and loss of life.It is important for individuals and communities to be prepared for earthquakes by having emergency kits and plans in place. In areas where earthquakes are common, building codes may also include specific requirements to make structures more earthquake-resistant

Earthquake: Cause and Effects
Earthquake: Cause and Effects
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